Née le 20 novembre 1942 à Lima (Pérou) mais new-yorkaise d'adoption, Meredith Monk suit les traces d'une mère chanteuse et musicienne qui lui enseigne le piano dès l'âge de quatre ans et partage son professeur de chant. Etudiante spécialisée dans les disciplines artistiques et en particulier la danse au Sarah Lawrence College, elle met en scène ses premières chorégraphies, And Sarah Knew (1962) et Timestop (1964), déjà remarquées pour leur originalité.
Partagée entre la danse, la musique et le chant grâce à son timbre de soprano léger sur trois octaves, Meredith Monk choisit d'embrasser toutes ces disciplines, séparemment ou communément. Musicalement, son style marqué par une culture contemporaine s'inscrit dans un registre minimaliste (ce dont elle se défend) initié par Steve Reich, John Cage, Philip Glass ou La Monte Young, mais préfère citer le pianiste Henry Cowell et les American Mavericks (Harry Partch, Elliott Carter).
Chorégraphe dans les années soixante, elle met en scène une dizaine de spectacles habillés par ses musiques ou celles d'autres compositeurs, de Claudio Monteverdi à Aaron Copland ou Bob Dylan (Collage en 1966 ; Vessel en 1971). Intéressée par le cinéma, Meredith Monk compose une musique pour un téléfilm de Robert Ashley dans lequel elle joue, Music in Roots with the Aether, en 1974. En 1981, elle compose et réalise elle-même Ellis Island, puis Book of Days en 1988.
Meredith Monk (b. November 20, 1942, New York, NY) is a composer, singer, director/choreographer and creator of new opera, music-theater works, films and installations. A pioneer in what is now called “extended vocal technique” and “interdisciplinary performance,” Monk creates works that thrive at the intersection of music and movement, image and object, light and sound in an effort to discover and weave together new modes of perception. Her groundbreaking exploration of the voice as an instrument, as an eloquent language in and of itself, expands the boundaries of musical composition, creating landscapes of sound that unearth feelings, energies, and memories for which there are no words. Over the last five decades, she has been hailed as “a magician of the voice” and “one of America’s coolest composers”. Celebrated internationally, Monk’s work has been presented by BAM, Lincoln Center Festival, Houston Grand Opera, London’s Barbican Centre, and at major venues in countries from Brazil to Syria. Among her many accolades, she was named 2012 Composer of the Year by Musical America and one of NPR’s 50 Great Voices, and received New Music USA’s 2013 Founders Award, a 2011 Yoko Ono Lennon Courage Award for the Arts and a 2012 Doris Duke Artist Award.
In 1968 Ms. Monk founded The House, a company dedicated to an interdisciplinary approach to performance. In 1978 she founded Meredith Monk & Vocal Ensemble to expand her musical textures and forms. As a pioneer in site-specific performance, she has created such works as Juice: A Theatre Cantata In 3 Installments (1969) and Ascension Variations (2009) for the Guggenheim Museum, and American Archeology #1: Roosevelt Island (1994). Monk’s award-winning films, including Ellis Island (1981) and her first feature, Book of Days (1988), have been seen throughout the world. Her music can also be heard in films by such directors as Jean-Luc Godard and the Coen Brothers. In addition to her numerous vocal pieces, music-theater works and operas, Monk has created vital new repertoire for orchestra, chamber ensembles, and solo instruments, with commissions from Michael Tilson Thomas/San Francisco Symphony and New World Symphony, Kronos Quartet, Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra and Los Angeles Master Chorale, among others.
Since graduating Sarah Lawrence College in 1964, Monk has received numerous honors including the prestigious MacArthur “Genius” Award, two Guggenheim Fellowships, three “Obies” (including an award for Sustained Achievement), and two “Bessie” awards for Sustained Creative Achievement. She holds honorary Doctor of Arts degrees from Bard College, the University of the Arts, The Juilliard School, the San Francisco Art Institute and the Boston Conservatory. Monk has made more than a dozen recordings, most of which are on the ECM New Series label, including the 2008 Grammy-nominated impermanence and the highly acclaimed Songs of Ascension. She recently celebrated ten years working with the publisher Boosey & Hawkes.
In October 1999 Monk performed A Vocal Offering for His Holiness, the Dalai Lama as part of the World Festival of Sacred Music in Los Angeles. Her 40th year of performing and creating new music was celebrated in 2005 by a four-hour marathon at Carnegie’s Zankel Hall, with additional performances throughout New York City. In February 2012 she was honored with a remix and interpretations cd, MONK MIX, featuring 25 artists from the jazz, pop, dj and new music worlds. In March 2012, she premiered Realm Variations for six voices and small ensemble, commissioned by the San Francisco Symphony, and performed in John Cage’s Song Books as part of the Symphony’s American Mavericks Festival. Performances of Song Books and Cage’s Aria were recently revived with the New World Symphony in Miami. Monk's newest music-theater piece, On Behalf of Nature, premiered in January at UCLA and will tour to the Edinburgh International Festival later this year.
Année de naissance : 1942
Nationalité : indisponible