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Jonas Mekas



Jonas Mekas est né en 1922 à Semeniskiai, Lithuanie. En 1949, son frère Adolfas et lui sont contraints de fuir leur pays envahi par l'Union Soviétique et ils partent pour New-York, où il deviendront les chefs de file du cinéma underground américain. Cinéphile sensible et pertinent, Jonas Mekas se met à écrire sur le cinéma dès le début des années cinquante : il fonde la revue Film Culture en 1953 et tient à partir de 1958 la chronique cinéma du Village Voice. Il est également l’un des fondateurs de la Film Maker’s Cooperative, première initiative mondiale d’un regroupement de cinéastes pour la distribution indépendante et parallèle de leurs films, et de l’Anthology Film Archive, première cinémathèque du cinéma indépendant et d’avant-garde. Les films de Jonas MEKAS constituent l'une des œuvres les plus révolutionnaires du cinéma. Jonas MEKAS écrit et filme comme il vit et vit comme il filme. Mais s'il est une légende mondiale du cinéma d'avant-garde, Jonas MEKAS est aussi poète.
Quoi que je fasse, que j'écrive des poèmes ou que je tourne des films, j'essaie d'être aussi documentaire, aussi factuel et réaliste que possible. Mes choix lorsque j'écris ou lorsque je filme, sont déterminés par ce que je suis. (Jonas Mekas, dans L'Œil électrique n°28, avril 2003).


Jonas Mekas was born in 1922 in Semeniskiai, Lithuania. He currently lives and works in New York. In 1944, Jonas Mekas and his brother, Adolfas, were taken by the Nazis and imprisoned in a forced labor camp in Nazi Germany for eight months. After the War, he studied philosophy at the University of Mainz from 1946-48 and at the end of 1949, he emigrated with his brother to the U.S. settling in Williamsburg, Brooklyn in New York. Two weeks after his arrival, he borrowed the money to buy his first Bolex 16-mm camera and began to record moments of his life. He discovered avant-garde film at venues such as Amos Vogel's pioneering cinema 16, and he began screening his own films in 1953. He has been one of the leading figures of American avant-garde filmmaking or the New American Cinema, as he dubbed it in the late '50s, playing various roles: in 1954, he became editor and chief of Film Culture; in 1958 he began writing his Movie Journal column for the Village Voice; in 1962 he co-founded the Film- Makers' Cooperative (FMC) and the Filmmakers' Cinematheque in 1964, which eventually grew into Anthology Film Archives, one of the world's largest and most important repositories of avant-garde films. His own output ranging from narrative films (Guns of the Trees, 1961) to documentaries (the Brig, 1963) and to diaries such as Walden (1969); Lost, Lost, Lost, (1975); Reminiscences of a Voyage to Lithuania, (1972); Zefiro torna, (1992) and As I was Moving Ahead, Occasionally I saw Brief Glimpses of Beauty (2001) have been screened extensively at festivals and museums around the world. Recently, the Brooklyn Academy of Music and the American Museum of the Moving Image screened Letters from Greenpoint and the Mead Gallery at the University of Warwick, England, Monash University Museum of Art, and Australian Centre for Contemporary Art, Melbourne, Australia, held exhibitions for Mekas this past fall. In May 2006, the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. held a lecture entitled meet the artist and screened Reminisces of a Journey to Lithuania. The Directors Guild of America awarded Anthology Film Archives a DGA Honors recognizing the center's dedication to preserving the art of cinema. In its annual selection of 25 films, Reminiscences of a Journey to Lithuania was esteemed by the United States National Film Preservation Board to be selected for preservation at the Library of Congress' National Film Registry. His films were also screened at Art Basel Miami and Mekas was honored at the Los Angeles Film Critics Association's award ceremony for his significant contribution to American film culture. Most recently, the Jonas Mekas Visual Arts Center was established in Vilnius, Lithuania and exhibitions will focus on art and film collections by Mekas and his friend and artistic collaborator George Maciunas, founder of the Fluxus art movement. Opening in late 2007, the Center will house an extensive avant-garde film archive and library and has plans to build a Fluxus Research Institute.

Année de naissance : 1922

Nationalité : Lituanie

Filmographie

Titre Image Chromie Son Durée Année Ref CJC
Notes on the circus - on line 16mm Couleur Sonore 00:12:00 1966 66-001
Lithuania and the Collapse of the USSR DV Cam Couleur Sonore 04:49:00 2009 09-002